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Epoxy - An Overview

Strength

Material Bonding

Impact Resistance

Lightweighting

Aesthetics

Water Intrusion

CHILL EPOXY - A Premium Epoxy Line of Products


CHILL EPOXY was created by Polymeres Technologies Inc.,a Canadian company located in St-Hyacinthe, Quebec. After receiving many requests from artists and woodworkers, Polymeres Technologies began developing a new line of products to meet their specific needs. They created premium epoxy resins to meet the demand, focusing on using pure raw materials formulated and produced with the highest standards of quality. Polymeres Technologies Inc. believes that there is no one epoxy formula that can fit all projects, which is why they developed different products to meet the specific requirements of your application.

Formulas

CHILL Diamond Fast

CHILL DIAMOND is an optical quality, very low viscosity transparent epoxy for small pour and thin layers. You can use it to fill in very small cracks or knots in the wood. It can be used to seal wood or to apply as a finishing coat on small surfaces. It can be used to create jewelry pieces and is perfectly compatible with various artistic additives. It has a pot life of 24 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius, and offers the fastest cure-time in their CHILL EPOXY line. Don’t mix too much product at the same time because it will shorten the pot life. Some characteristics include:

  • 100% solids, no VOC
  • High impact resistance
  • Easy mixing ratio of 2A/1B by volume
  • Maximum optical quality
  • High gloss
  • High abrasion resistance

CHILL 3D

CHILL 3D is a transparent epoxy resin with excellent UV resistance. Perfect for creating “dome” effects. This formula is the thickest resin in their line of clear resins. It is highly compatible with pigments and metallic powders. CHILL 3D protects your photos, documents, posts, small handcrafted parts, and gives depth and brilliance to art pieces, like paint on canvas, wood, ceramic, and more. Come characteristics include:

  • 100% solids, no VOC
  • Easy mixing ratio of 1A/1B by volume
  • Easy to pigment
  • 24 hours at 22 degrees Celsius setting time depending on volume, casting design, and ambient temperature
  • Superior impact resistance
  • High abrasion resistance

CHILL Clear

CHILL Clear is a transparent, optical quality, self-levelling epoxy resin with excellent UV resistance. This very low viscosity system can be cast to a maximum thickness of ½ inch. This formula is ideal for an artist’s canvas, creating handcrafted objects, protected bars and wood tabletops, potting LED lights, and for small electrical and electronic components. Further, it can also be used as a wood sealer. Come characteristics include:

  • 100% solics, no VOC
  • Easy mixing ratio of 2A/1B by volume
  • Gets rid of bubbles quickly and easily without using a torch
  • Excellent casting fluidity
  • Easy to pigment

CHILL ICE #1

This formula has a low viscosity, optical quality, and transparent epoxy resin. It is ideal when filling in cracks with resin or small river tables. CHILL ICE #1 is perfect for bubble-free casting after less than 5 to 10 minutes without the use of a torch, which can cause an exothermic imbalance in the casting. The pot life is 500 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius and lets you cast several liters of resin, add a pigment, then slowly pour from a strategic corner of the mold, letting the resin fill it up. Some characteristics include:

  • 100% solids, no VOC
  • Easy mixing ratio of 2A/1B by volume
  • Pot life of 500 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius 
  • Gets rid of bubbles quickly and easily without using a torch
  • Easy to pigment

CHILL ICE #2

CHILL ICE #2 has a low viscosity, optical quality, and transparent epoxy resin. It is ideal for casting epoxy rivers into wood tables. CHILL ICE #2 is perfect for bubble-free casting after less than 5 to 10 minutes without the use of a torch which can cause an exothermic imbalance in the casting. Because the viscosity is low, the CHILL ICE #2 penetrates into the wood fibers, creating a strong structural bond to the short, medium, and long term. It has a pot life of 600 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius, letting you cast several liters of resin, add a pigment, and slowly pour from a strategic corner of the mold, letting the resin fill up. Some characteristics include:

  • 100% solids, no VOC
  • Easy mixing of 2A/1B by volume
  • Pot life of 600 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius
  • Around 72 hours at 22 degrees Celsius setting time depending on volume, casting design, and ambient temperature
  • Superior impact resistance
  • High gloss

 

CHILL DEEP POUR

This formula has a very low viscosity epoxy with very high ultraviolet resistance. The CHILL DEEP POUR makes it possible to cast river tables from up to 30 to 50 liters, up to 2-inches thick, and in a single casting all while maintaining its transparency and high precision. Characteristics include:

  • 100% solids, no VOC
  •  Pot life is no more than 850 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius
  • Easy to pigment
  • Superior impact resistance
  • Maximum optical quality
  • High gloss
  • High abrasion resistance

 

P-TEC 8400

P-TEC 8400 is especially formulated for lamellated wood panels, table tops, wood furniture components, table slides, and more. This polyurethane-based paste is indicated to repair fissures, micro-fissures, knots, and all defects on the surface of solid wooden panels and components. Some characteristics include:

  • Easy mixing ratio of 1a/1B volume
  • No shrinkage
  • No odor
  • Fast and easy sanding process
  • Fast setting time of 18 minutes at 22 degrees Celsius
  • Excellent adhesive for many substrates

 

CHILL Pigments

CHILL Pigments are beautiful and unique in their own way, adding character to whatever piece you are working on, whether it be a river table or a piece of jewelry. Some colors that you can choose from include:

  • Smoking Muppet
  • Spring Break Regrets
  • Resin Berry Blue
  • Shark Attack
  • Bermuda Triangle
  • Black Eye
  • Smashes Eggplant
  • Bloody Caesar
  • Wine Stain
  • Pumpkin Latte
  • Gold Digger
  • 3rd Place
  • Coffee Break
  • Cosmic Gate
  • Dirty Dog
  • Black Hole
  • Appletini
  • Jungle Boogie
  • White Russia

The Difference Between Epoxy and Resin

Epoxy and resin are both adhesives and are both commonly used in construction, and since they can also bond plastics, metals, and glass together, they are also called plastic adhesives. They are also used for creative purposes, like in countertop and table designs, and excel past other design materials because these plastic adhesives are known for their strong bonding properties that allow them to be heat-, impact-, and chemical-resistant. Both resin and epoxy are available in ready-to-use kits, containers, and glue gun cartridge. While they share similar bonding and strength qualities, they have many diverging properties that uniquely separate them.

Resin

Epoxy and resin are both adhesives and are both commonly used in construction, and since they can also bond plastics, metals, and glass together, they are also called plastic adhesives. They are also used for creative purposes, like in countertop and table designs, and excel past other design materials because these plastic adhesives are known for their strong bonding properties that allow them to be heat-, impact-, and chemical-resistant. Both resin and epoxy are available in ready-to-use kits, containers, and glue gun cartridge. While they share similar bonding and strength qualities, they have many diverging properties that uniquely separate them.

Epoxy

While resin glue is known for its strength, epoxy is considered the strongest of all types of adhesives, which is why it is used to build vehicles and planes. Being water- and solvent-free,  and heat- and chemical-resistant, it has superior bonding properties. The durable glue is a type of petroleum-based adhesive that contains elements like epichlorohydrin, which is responsible for forming a hard layer that makes it resistant to excessive heat, cold, and moisture. Instead of taking eight to 10 hours to cure like resin, epoxy takes between six and 30 minutes to cure depending on which brand you use. Because it is quick-drying, epoxy is popularly used in bonding metals, wood, and plastics, being used for industrial purposes as well as household purposes. Epoxy can be used to repair damaged wires, chairs, and table legs.

The Difference Between Epoxy and Resin

Mixing epoxy resin with hardener begins a chemical reaction that transforms the liquid into a gel state before reaching the final solid state that it is so well-known for.

  • Stage 1: Liquid – This is known as its open time, working time, or wet lay-up time, and is the portion of the curing time that occurs after mixing the resin and hardener together. The epoxy has to remain workable and suitable to apply, however, so all assembly should take place during the open time to assure a dependable bond forms. 
  • Stage 2: Gel – The epoxy mixture passes into a cure phase that is also called the green stage when the epoxy is no longer workable and becomes tacky. The consistency becomes firm, like hard rubber. Because it is only partially cured, new epoxy that is applied to it will still chemically link to the existing epoxy. 
  • Stage 3: Solid – This is epoxy’s final cure and occurs when the chemical reaction is finally complete. The solid state can be dry sanded and shaped to its necessary form for whatever purpose it is serving. The product has only reached about 90% of its strength and will continue to reach its full cured and strengthened state over the next several days at room temperature.

What Epoxy is Used For 

Epoxy adhesive, as covered briefly above, is commonly used in building and construction application because of their adhesion properties, strength, and resilience. A few areas in which they are most used in include:

  • Decorative flooring – Terrazzo flooring, chip flooring, and aggregate flooring are created by adding a wide range of vinyl chips and colored rocks and minerals that should be coated with an epoxy layer that protects the flooring underneath and creates a safe and comfortable walking surface. 
  • Engineering – As a high-performance adhesive, epoxy is used in products that require strong bonds to a variety of substrates. This can include concrete, wood, metal, glass, and some plastics. 
  • Automotive – Epoxy can be used to repair corroded or damaged metal and fiberglass auto body panels. If a body panel is missing completely, then fiberglass cloth can be used with epoxy to rebuild the area, which creates a strong foundation that only needs to be sanded before it is primed and painted. Epoxy can also help repair cracked bumpers and fender as well as steering wheels and other automotive plastics. 
  • Home Improvement – There has been a recent trend in covering tables and countertops with epoxy, and for good reason. Epoxy that is applied to tables and countertops make the surfaces durable, strong, shiny, and brand new. Any surface can be covered with epoxy, but porous surfaces need different preparation. 

How to Do it Yourself

If you’re interested in adding epoxy to surfaces in your own home, you’re in luck! Not only is it available to you, but it is easy to do by yourself. You can cover virtually any surface with epoxy and it usually don’t require much preparation. Surfaces that you can pour the epoxy directly onto include laminate, tile, ceramic, glass, metal, and porcelain. The small list of things that epoxy cannot adhere to include copper and silicone. Before applying the epoxy, make sure that the surface is clean and free of debris. Since it pours like honey and follows the rules of gravity, however, it is important to use a primer on the sides of your table or countertop to ensure equal distribution throughout the piece you are working on. 

On porous surfaces, like wood on concrete, it is important to add a skim coat to the entire surface of the piece to seal the surface and prevent the formation of air bubbles. It also prevents moisture from entering the surface, which causes delamination. You should apply one to two skim coats, allowing the full drying time of six hours between each coat. The surface should look wet with the skim coat, but not glossy. Should you need to recoat your epoxy, let the first coat set longer than 12 hours and make sure you lightly sand the surface so the epoxy has something to adhere to.

If you’re interested in epoxy, then take a look at our high-quality epoxy products. We proudly supply polymers, CHILL Epoxy Pigments, CHILL Epoxy Kits, CHILL Epoxy, and CHILL Epoxy Drops. If you’re considering a masterfully-crafted epoxy countertop, then contact us today.

Epoxy resins are used in the manufacture of adhesives, paints, coatings, sealers, plastics, flooring, and other materials or products that are used in building or construction. Epoxies are thermosetting polymer resins, which are made by the reaction of two or more industrial chemical compounds. The term epoxy is broad and can be used to describe the epoxide functional group made up of a chain of carbon and oxygen atoms, but can also be used to refer to the epoxy resins that appear after curing. Curing is a chemical process in which a material hardens after exposure to air, heat, or chemical additives. Curing usually occurs with the help of a catalyst, which helps speed up the rate of a chemical reaction. The curing agent, which is commonly amine-based, is often times called a hardener. Epoxy resins usually require the addition of the curing agent at a much higher ratio of resin to hardener, but can be toughened with the addition of thermoplastic polymers. 

The result of the chemical reaction is an exothermic reaction that creates a cross-linkage in the polymer. The cross-linkage helps produce a strong and rigid epoxy material that can be modified to create a desired mechanical strength and property in the material. The right temperature and humidity settings must exist for the curing process to obtain epoxy materials that are resistant to heat, electricity, or chemicals. A variety of epoxy adhesives have been developed to accommodate a broad range of applications, from countertops to automobiles to building and construction to golf clubs to flooring and more.

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